Sanandaj or Sine is the capital of the Iranian province of Kurdistan. At the latest population census, which was carried out on 25 October 2006, it had a population of 316,862. This city is the capital of the province, and lies at a distance of 512 km from Tehran, 1,480 m above sea level. It is also the administrative centre of Sanandaj County as well as of a district (bakhsh) with the same name as the city. The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish, with an Armenian, Assyrian and Jewish minority.
While the local urban people refer to the city as Sine (= Sna), the people of local rural areas tend to use the word ‘Kursan’, a local variation of ‘Kurdistan’. See Sanandaj on map.
- Carpet weaving is of high signiticance in Kordestan. The carpets woven in Sanandaj and Bijar have elaborate patterns and charming designs. The other handicarafts produced in this province are as follows: jajims (fine carpets made of wool or cotton), gelims (rugs made of goats’ hair), givehs (light cotton summer shoes needlework, crochetwork, Prayer carpets and regional jewellery. Each of these handicrafts is delicate and beautiful, suitable to be Kept as a Souvenir.